Vegetables

In recent years there has been a major expansion in out-of-season salads and vegetables. Transportation of the produce is effected by air or refrigerated trucks to safeguard their freshness and high quality.

Artichokes

Their colour differs according to variety, but all are rich in vitamins, low in calories and high in fibre.

Main varieties: White Kiti, Black Macau, Green Globe, Black Mammari

Seasonal availability: November to May



Aubergines


Also known as eggplants, they are very versatile in cooking and rich in vitamins A, B and C, protein and phosphorus.

Main varieties: Bonica, Black Beauty, local Long Purple

Seasonal availability: March to December



Beans


Cyprus grows beans of all types which have always been considered an important alternative source of protein.

Main varieties: Stringless Blue Lake, Kentucky Blue, Mini Doka

Seasonal availability: March to December



Beetroot


Of various uses as can be eaten boiled as a cooked vegetable or cold as a salad. It is very often processed into boiled and sterilized or into pickles.

Main varieties: Boltardy

Seasonal availability: March to June


Capsicums/Sweet Peppers


More attention is placed on well shaped and rich flavour varieties. They are rich in vitamin C as well as B1, B2 and D.

Main varieties: Gedeon, Apolo, Domino. Marengo, Ariane, Inia

Seasonal availability: April to January


Chillies


They are mainly grown on a contract basis but are lately becoming an essential part of the line of production.

Main varieties: Red and Green, Kenya, Jamaican and local varieties

Seasonal availability: June to November



Coriander


It has a distinguished taste which can liven up salads. The herb has a fresh, citrus taste and is best added to dishes just before serving in order to get maximum flavour. Demand for coriander is increasing and has built up a fast developing export trade.

Main varieties: Tamasos, local varieties

Seasonal availability: All year round



Courgettes/Marrows


Also called Zucchini, these vegetables are an important source of vitamin A for vegetarians. They are grown both in the open and under cover and are becoming a crop of increasing export importance.

Main varieties: Elite, Senator, Ambassador, Embassy, Cora, Eminet, Clarita, Anita, Senatasy and local varieties

Seasonal availability: March to November



Cucumbers


Mini cucumbers are characterised by their tenderness and good taste. They are mainly field crops but in recent years greenhouse production has rapidly expanded to meet increased demand.

Main varieties: Passandra, Kastor, Cypria Danito, Hana, Selma Short 616, Thamin, Zena

Seasonal availability: All year round



Endives


This salad crop is known by various names. Cypriot exporters refer to it as crinkly lettuce while the French call it chicory.

Main varieties: Local varieties

Seasonal availability: October to May



Fresh Black-Eye Beans


Cyprus produces mainly the runner type which has long, tender, stringless pods.

Main varieties: Local varieties

Seasonal availability: May to November



Methi


Methi, often called fenugreek, is one of the oldest medicinal plants in existence. The young leaves and sprouts are eaten as greens and the fresh or dried leaves are used to flavour other dishes.

Main varieties: Trigonella Foenum Graecum

Seasonal availability: October to April



Molochia


It is used as a garnish in soups as well as a boiled vegetable served with meat or rice.

Main varieties: Egyptian varieties

Seasonal availability: June to November



Okra


Known also as ladies’ fingers, in reference to the long elegantly tapering shape, is a good source of fibre. It’s widely used in ethnic cuisines. Its flavour is quite subtle, so it benefits from being cooked with strong, spicy ingredients.

Main varieties: Indian varieties

Seasonal availability: May to November



Parsley


Parsley contains three times more vitamin C than an orange, twice as much vitamin A than a carrot and double the iron of spinach.

Main varieties: Local and English Curly, Plane, Dark Green Italian

Seasonal availability: All year round



Pumpkins


Exported mainly to the United Kingdom, pumpkins are used in both sweet and savoury dishes.

Main varieties: Local varieties

Seasonal availability: October to February



Purslane


This half-hardy plant is rich in vitamin C and can be eaten fresh in salads.

Main varieties: Local varieties

Seasonal availability: May to November



Rocket


Rocket it’s lively and tasty in salads on its own. It contains sulphur, iron, iodine and phosphorus and is rich in vitamins and minerals.

Main varieties: Local varieties

Seasonal availability: October to May



Spinach


This vegetable boasts a high vitamin A and C content and high quantities of iron and calcium. The development of nouvelle cuisine and salads has added a new dimension to spinach.

Main varieties: Vitoflay, local Curly

Seasonal availability: November to May



Spring Onions


When raw or very lightly cooked they impart a wonderfully vibrant yet mild flavour. They are mainly grown for the export market because of the need for exact grading and packaging.

Main varieties: White Lisbon, White Knight

Seasonal availability: November to May



Swiss Chard


Closely linked to spinach, it has broad, white stalks with dark ribbed leaves. Has a slightly bitter taste and mature chard leaves and stalks are typically cooked or sautéed. Fresh young chard can be used in salads.

Main varieties: Local varieties

Seasonal availability: October to May



Taro


Sometimes referred to as colocass, it is recognized by its distinctive brown, coarse outer skin and conical shape.

Main varieties: Local varieties

Seasonal availability: September to June



Tomatoes


Like many other countries, tomatoes have become a staple crop for Cyprus and is now firmly established in the export range. Local varieties have been supplemented with new smooth skinned, round shaped hybrids as well as tomato types of irregular shape and juicy flesh.

Main varieties: FA 179, Graziella, Alexandros, Belinda, Cherry Wonder, Gardener’s Delight, Davista, Muril, Olympic, Valentine, Kastella

Seasonal availability: All year round